Russian President Vladimir Putin attends a Victory Day military parade marking the 74th anniversary of the end of World War II.
Anadolu Agency | Getty Images
The call, the second known discussion between the two leaders this month, was scheduled at the request of Putin. The Russian president has previously insisted that despite a massive deployment of thousands of troops along Ukraine’s border, Moscow is not preparing for an invasion of its ex-Soviet neighbor.
But Putin has laid out conditions for nonaggression: He has promised that Russian troops will not attack Ukraine if Kyiv’s ongoing bid to join NATO is denied. Russia has described NATO’s eastward expansion as a “red line” that poses security threats to Moscow.
Since 2002, Ukraine has sought entry into the world’s most powerful military alliance, where the group’s Article 5 clause states that an attack on one member country is considered an attack on all of them.
During their call earlier this month, Biden did not accept Putin’s “red line” and instead warned that Washington and European allies were prepared to impose a web of economic and political countermeasures if Ukraine’s sovereign borders were breached.
U.S. President Joe Biden holds virtual talks with Russia’s President Vladimir Putin amid Western fears that Moscow plans to attack Ukraine, as Secretary of State Antony Blinken listens with other officials during a secure video call from the Situation Room at the White House in Washington, U.S., December 7, 2021.
The White House via Reuters
“We are prepared for diplomacy and for a diplomatic path forward, but we are also prepared to respond if Russia advances with a further invasion of Ukraine,” a senior Biden administration official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity in order to share details ahead of the call, said Wednesday.
“We have coordinated with our allies to impose severe sanctions on the Russian economy and financial system far beyond what was implemented in 2014,” the official said, referring to Moscow’s 2014 invasion of Crimea.
For months, Ukraine has warned the United States and European allies that thousands of Russian troops were massing along its eastern border. The buildup has evoked shades of Russia’s 2014 annexation of Crimea, a peninsula on the Black Sea, which sparked an international uproar and triggered a series of sanctions on Moscow.
Simon Miles, an assistant professor at Duke University’s Sanford School of Public Policy, described Biden and Putin’s discussions as productive but that a solution would need to involve the Ukrainian government.
“Today’s phone call between presidents Biden and Putin comes at a critical point in European security. Russian troops are on Ukraine’s border in significant numbers, and in a configuration which has analysts rightly worried about offensive military action,” wrote Miles, an expert on Russia and the former Soviet Union.
“But one thing is clear: This is a crisis of the Kremlin’s making,” Miles said, adding, “What Putin’s endgame is remains unclear.”
Earlier this month, Ukraine’s foreign minister told CNBC that Russia was in a position to quickly invade if Putin decided to carry out such an operation.
“Putin has not decided yet whether to do a military operation,” Dmytro Kuleba told CNBC. “But if he decides to do so, things will happen in the blink of an eye.”